Scoliosis is a condition that causes an irregular curve in the spine. There are several different types of scoliosis, and the symptoms can vary according to the person and the specific type of scoliosis they have. Scoliosis may accelerate over time, creating a more pronounced problem with the spine in this case scoliosis needs to be properly examined.
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common kind of scoliosis. It is usually seen in children and may even be diagnosed when a child is still a toddler in some cases. It is believed that idiopathic scoliosis is strongly tied to genetics. Children who are diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis often have a parent or other close relative who suffers from the condition as well.
People who have functional scoliosis develop a spinal curvature as a result of another condition. Unlike idiopathic scoliosis, functional scoliosis may be reversed in many cases. It can be caused by muscle spasms, a tumor in the spine, a discrepancy in leg length, or other things that impact the spine. If the underlying problem is resolved, the spine will be able to return to its normal position.
Congenital scoliosis sufferers have the condition when they are born. Congenital scoliosis typically occurs due to abnormal development of the spine in utero.
The treatment for scoliosis may be non-surgical in the beginning. However, non-surgical corrections may only provide temporary relief. Sometimes, surgical procedures can lessen the curvature in the spine. Spinal fusion can add stability to the spine and may prevent the scoliosis from worsening. The sooner that patients seek medical attention for scoliosis, the better the results can be in the long term.
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